The thyroid is a small gland located in the front part of the neck just below the voice box. The thyroid gland produces crucial hormones that affect every tissue in the body. In a sense, the thyroid is much like an electrical control panel, in that it’s normal function regulates the body’s metabolism and how the body turns food into energy. A normal thyroid gland also regulates the body’s temperature and other internal organ function.
Sometimes, however, the thyroid can produce too much hormone which can cause massive problems in the body. This can involve swelling and the growth of cysts or nodules on the thyroid gland. Thyroid surgery may be necessary with certain problems. In thyroid surgery the surgeon removes all or a portion of the thyroid gland.